A savanna at Union Ridge


Savanna is a type of grassland that mixes open fields of grass with scattered copses of trees and shrubs. Savanna less open space than a prairie, but more open space than a woodland. Tree cover is typically less than one third of the total area of the savanna. The vegetation of the savanna is dominated by prairie grasses and forbs. These plants have adapted to an environment characterized by direct sunlight, frequent wildfires, and grazing.

Savanna and woodland habitat have many bird species in common.

Characteristic Birds:

Red-tailed Hawk, American Kestrel, Willow Flycatcher, Great-crested Flycatcher, Scissor-tailed Flycatcher, White-eyed Vireo, Bell’s Vireo, Warbling Vireo, Blue Jay, Bewick’s Wren, Loggerhead Shrike, Eastern Bluebird, Brown Thrasher, Blue-winged Warbler, Prairie Warbler, Yellow-breasted Chat, Blue Grosbeak, Indigo Bunting, Orchard Oriole, Baltimore Oriole, and American Goldfinch.